Taxes in Dubai and UAE

Taxes in Dubai and UAE

UAE have based their foundations, on being one of the famous ‘tax havens’. Like many other Middle East countries, Dubai and UAE in general earn its revenue mainly through the oil industry and offers tax-free living to attract global companies and talent to diversify and enrich their economy further. Therefore, everyone thinks that in Dubai you do not pay taxes; but is it really like that? Is it really tax-free in the UAE? Yes, it is but only in certain circumstances!

However, in order to have a business in the UAE you need to pay an annual license fee (whose value depends on the type of business); and there are a number of other fees: the company may need resident visas for the entrepreneur, his or her family and their employees.

Most customs duties are very low and may even be excluded for certain categories of products like in the case of materials to be used for the production of goods to be re-exported. But in other cases they reach 100% of the value of the product (alcoholic beverages, energy drinks, tobacco).

Starting from 1st January 2018 the United Arab Emirates introduced VAT for the possible economic impact due to a depletion of oil resources: a true revolution in the economic and financial landscape. The VAT is set at 5%. Basic foodstuffs, education and health are exempted.

At present, companies with an annual turnover of between AED 187,500 and AED 375,000 can choose whether to register or not, while those with less than AED 187,500 will remain exempt for now. The change has far-reaching implications for companies that will need to make use of professional figures or service companies for their management. This will be also the occasion for whom want to open his own accountancy firm in Dubai and in UAE.

Taking a look at neighboring countries (in particular Qatar and Saudi Arabia), you can see that businessmen opening activities there need to consider the cost of setting up the companies, the possible share capital to be paid, the mandatory office that will pay 10% and 20% of taxes respectively on all that is generated with foreign countries. And even if all the generated income is foreign, a certified auditor needs to be accounted for.

So today opening a business in a Free Zone is still your best bet (not requiring the visa requirement, physical office, accounting records, share capital to be paid). Contact us for more information about best solution for you.

The UAE are planning to implement on 1 January 2018 - other GCC countries may do so at the same time or by 1 January 2019 at the latest.

GCC Businesses are still not prepared for VAT Implementation finds new survey

With less than six months until the GCC implements value added tax (VAT), a new survey from ACCA (the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants) and Thomson Reuters has found that there is a significant lack of preparation and awareness among businesses in the region of how it will affect them.

The report, Are GCC businesses equipped for VAT?, has found that only 11% of respondents understand the impact that VAT implementation will have on their business, whilst 49% are yet to commence their impact assessment.

The report has also raised concerns about the advice and expertise available for businesses, with regional regulatory differences likely to test their finance and IT capabilities.

More than one third (38%) said they lacked in-house resources, whilst 44% described their resources as ‘limited.’

Meanwhile, 88% of organisations surveyed said they had not made any budget provisions for VAT in 2017 ahead of its implementation. Only one quarter (25%) said they had engaged with their tax advisor on the subject of VAT.

Responding to the report, Chas Roy-Chowdhury, Head of Taxation at ACCA, said,

The lack of preparation is a concern; companies should be using the pre-implementation period wisely to understand compliance, legal obligations and the financial risk associated with VAT. While the overwhelming majority realise it will affect their business, only a minority have a clear plan of how to effectively manage such a significant fiscal reform.

Tax advisors and professional accountants connected to the region have been working hard to understand the changes and help businesses navigate the transition successfully. This process needs to start now, otherwise companies could risk fines and avoidable regulatory burden.

Businesses in the GCC should urgently seek out the guidance of tax advisors and create a roadmap to make themselves VAT ready for 2018.

Pierre Arman, Market Development Lead for Tax & Accounting at Thomson Reuters said,

The introduction of VAT will introduce new revenue streams for government, encourage foreign investment and aid the diversification of the economy.

Yet its introduction should be seen as an organisation-wide challenge: it should not be left to finance and IT functions to manage overnight. Companies should also not wait until the laws and regulations are finalised to start the process; much of the preparation should be done already.

We hope this survey goes some way to informing businesses across the GCC about what they need to do to be VAT compliant, given we have only six months to go before the implementation date.

Over 330 people participated in the Thomson Reuters and ACCA VAT Readiness Survey from across the GCC region. The respondents were from a diverse range of industries including financial services, oil and gas, manufacturing and retail.

You can read the full Thomson Reuters and ACCA VAT Readiness Survey report here

The UAE are planning to implement on 1 January 2018 - other GCC countries may do so at the same time or by 1 January 2019 at the latest.

VAT in Dubai and UAE

VAT (Value Added Tax) is expected to be introduced in UAE at a rate of 5% on 1 January 2018. This percentage is purposely kept low to limit impact on UAE cost of living.

The UAE Federal and Emirate governments provide citizens and residents with many different public services, paid from the government budgets. VAT will provide country with a new source of income which will contribute to the continued provision of high quality public services into the future. It will also help government move towards its vision of reducing dependence on oil and other hydrocarbons as a source of revenue.

Other GCC countries may do so at the same time or by 1 January 2019 at the latest. The UAE is part of a group of countries which are closely connected through “The Economic Agreement Between the GCC States” and “The GCC Customs Union”. The GCC group of nations have historically worked together in designing and implementing new public policies as we recognize that such a collaborative approach is best for the region.

Not all businesses will need to register for VAT; this really depends on their minimum annual turnover; that is, many small businesses will not need to register for VAT; however, they’ll be expected to record their financial transactions. Companies whose revenues range between Dh187,000 and Dh375 000 will have the option to either register under the system or not; companies in the UAE that record annual revenues over Dh375 000 will be obliged to register under a Value-Added Tax (VAT) system. All goods and services will be taxed with the exceptions of food, education and health services. The UAE Ministry of Finance is still taking decision about Free Zone, but the free zones may remain exempt to encourage on foreign investments.